Oxford medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. A survival analysis of an independent series.
Svärd UC., Price AJ.
We describe the outcome of a series of 124 Oxford meniscal-bearing unicompartmental arthroplasties carried out for osteoarthritis of the medial compartment. They had been undertaken more than ten years ago in a non-teaching hospital in Sweden by three surgeons. All the knees had an intact anterior cruciate ligament, a correctable varus deformity and full-thickness cartilage in the lateral compartment. Thirty-seven patients had died; the mean time since operation for the remainder was 12.5 years (10.1 to 15.6). Using the endpoint of revision for any cause, the outcome for every knee was established. Six had been revised (4.8%). At ten years there were 94 knees still at risk and the cumulative survival rate was 95.0% (95% confidence interval 90.8 to 99.3). This figure is similar to that reported by the designers of the prosthesis and to the best published results for independent series of total knee replacement. If patients are selected appropriately, this implant is a reliable treatment for anteromedial osteoarthritis of the knee.