Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is presented to simulate the removal of lipid particles from blood using a novel ultrasonic quarter-wavelength separator. The Lagrangian-Eulerian CFD model accounts for conservation of mass and momentum, for the presence of lipid particles of a range of diameters, for the acoustic force as experienced by the particles in the blood, as well as for gravity and other particle-fluid interaction forces. In the separator, the liquid flows radially inward within a fluid chamber formed between a disc-shaped transducer and a disc-shaped reflector. Following separation of the lipid particles, blood exits the separator axially through a central opening on the disc-shaped reflector. Separator diameters studied varied between 12 and 18 cm, and gap sizes between the discs of 600 μm, 800 μm and 1 mm were considered. Results show a strong effect of residence time of the particles within the chamber on the separation performance. Different separator configurations were identified, which could give a lipid removal performance of 95% or higher when processing 62.5 cm (3)/min of blood. The developed model provides a design method for the selection of geometric and operating parameters for the ultrasonic separator.

Original publication

DOI

10.1109/TBME.2010.2061845

Type

Journal article

Journal

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng

Publication Date

02/2011

Volume

58

Pages

282 - 290

Keywords

Blood Component Removal, Blood Transfusion, Autologous, Cardiac Surgical Procedures, Computer Simulation, Hemorheology, Humans, Lipids, Models, Cardiovascular, Pericardium, Transducers, Ultrasonics