Significance of steatosis in pancreatic transplantation.
Dholakia S., Sharples EJ., Ploeg RJ., Friend PJ.
The on-going success of whole organ pancreatic transplantation is dependent on overcoming the imbalance between demand and supply of optimal organs as well as tackling the vast comorbidity associated with the procedure. Pancreas steatosis is a common contributing factor to the problem and with obesity pandemics affecting the global population; the size and type of organs received from donors will only make steatosis more of an issue. The aim of this review is to highlight what is known about steatosis in the context of pancreas transplantation identifying potential methods to help its evaluation. Narrative review of literature from inception to June 2017, using OVID interface searching EMBASE and MEDLINE databases as well recent transplant conference data. All studies related to pancreas steatosis examined for clinical relevance with no exclusion criteria. Key ideas extracted and referenced. Pancreatic steatosis is not innocuous and is precariously regarded by transplant surgeons, however its associations with obesity, metabolic syndrome and long list of associated complications clearly show it needs more careful consideration. Radiologic and surgical advances now allow assessment of the fat content of organs, which could be used to quantify organs allowing better optimisation, but there is still much work to be done to refine the optimal method to achieve this.